The following is a list of research papers pertaining to dissociation and dissociative disorders for anyone who is interested in looking at original research.  They are provided with links where available to the abstract or the full paper, either as an Full Article webpage or PDF.

 

2016  Gene-Cos, N., Fisher, J., Ogden, P., & Cantrel, A. (2016). Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Group therapy in the Treatment of Complex PTSD. Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health. 4(6): 1080.      PDF
2015

Floris, J. & McPherson, S. (2015). Fighting the Whole System: Dissociative Identity Disorder, Labeling Theory, and Iatrogenic Doubting. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 16(4): 476-493.

 Abstract    
2015

Lanius, R. (2015). Trauma-related dissociation and altered states of consciousness: a call for clinical, treatment, and neuroscience research. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. Vol. 6.

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2015

Myrick, A., Chasson, G., Lanius, R., Leventhal, B. & Brand, B. (2015). Treatment of complex dissociative disorders: A comparison of interventions reported by community therapists versus those recommended by experts. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 16(1): 51-67.

Abstract    
2014

Brand, B. & Loewenstein, R. (2014). Does Phasic Trauma Treatment Make Patients With Dissociative Identity Disorder More Dissociative? Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 15(1): 52-65.

 Abstract  
 
2014

Cronin, E., Brand, B., & Mattanah, J. (2014). The impact of the therapeutic alliance on treatment outcome in patients with dissociative disorders. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. Vol. 5.

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2014

Dorahy, M., Brand, B., Sar, V., Kruger, C., Stavropoulos, P., Martinez-Taboas, A., Lewis-Fernandez, R. & Middleton, W. (2014). Dissociative identity disorder: An empirical overview. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 45(5): 402-417.

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2014

Gentile, J., Snyder, M., & Marie Gillig, P. (2014). STRESS AND TRAUMA: Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy for Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience. 11(7-8): 37–41.

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2014

Sar, V. (2014). The Many Faces of Dissociation: Opportunities for Innovative Research in Psychiatry. Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience. 12(3): 171–179.

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2014

van Dijke, A., Ford, J., Frank, L. & van der Hart, O. (2015). Association of Childhood Complex Trauma and Dissociation with Complex PTSD Symptoms in Adulthood. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 16(4): 428-441.

 Abstract Full Article  

2013

DISSOCIATION

Schlumpf, Y.R., Nijenhuis, E.R.S, Chalavi, S., Weder, E.V., Zimmermann, E., Luechinger, R., La Marca, R., Reinders, A.A.T.S., Jancke, L. (2013). Dissociative part-dependent biopsychosocial reactions to backward masked angry and neutral faces: An fMRI study of dissociative identity disorder. NeuroImage: Clinical. 3: 54-64.   

 DISSOCIATION

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DISSOCIATION

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DISSOCIATION

2012

Brand, B. (2012). What We Know and What We Need to Learn About the Treatment of Dissociative Disorders. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 13(4): 387-396.   

Abstract

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2012

Brand, B., Lanius, R., Vermetten, E., Loewenstein, R. & Spiegel, D. (2012). Where Are We Going? An Update on Assessment, Treatment, and Neurobiological Research in Dissociative Disorders as We Move Toward the DSM-5. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 13(1): 9-31.

Abstract

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2012

Dalenberg, C., Brand, B., Gleaves, D., Dorahy, M., Loewenstein, R., Cardena, E., Carlson, E. & Spiegel, D. (2012). Evaluation of the evidence for the trauma and fantasy models of dissociation. Psychological Bulletin. 138(3): 550-588.

Abstract

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2012

Edwards, V., Freyd, J., Dube, S., Anda, R. & Felitti, V. (2012). Health Outcomes by Closeness of Sexual Abuse Perpetrator: A Test of Betrayal Trauma Theory. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 21: 133-148.

   

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2012

Frick, C., Lang, S., Kotchoubey, B., Sieswerda, S., Dinu-Biringer, R., Berger, M., Veser, S., Essig, M. & Barnow, S. (2012). Hypersensitivity in Borderline Personality Disorder during Mindreading. PLoS ONE. 7(8): e41650.

 

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2012

Gobin, R. (2012). Partner Preferences Among Survivors of Betrayal Trauma. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 13(2): 152-174.

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2012

Goldsmith, R., Freyd, J. & DePrince, A. (2012). Betrayal Trauma: Associations With Psychological and Physical Symptoms in Young Adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 27(3): 547-567.

   

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2012

Huntjens, R., Verschuere, B. & McNally, R. (2012). Inter-identity autobiographical amnesia in patients with dissociative identity disorder. PLoS ONE. 7(7): e40580.

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2012

Lang, S., Kotchoubey, B., Frick, C., Spitzer, C., Grabe, H. & Barnow, S. (2012).Cognitive reappraisal in trauma-exposed women with borderline personality disorder.Neuroimage. 59(2): 1727-1734.

Abstract

 

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2012

Lanius, R., Brand, B., Vermetter, E., Frewen, P. & Spiegel, D. (2012). The Dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder: rationale, clinical and neurobiological evidence, and implications.  Depression and Anxiety. 29(8): 701-708.

Abstract

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2012

Platt, M. & Freyd, J. (2012). Trauma and negative underlying assumptions in feelings of shame: An exploratory study. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 4(4): 370-378.

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2012

Read, J. & Bentall, R. (2012). Negative childhood experiences and mental health: theoretical, clinical and primary prevention implications. The British Journal of Psychiatry. 200 (2): 89–91.  

Abstract

   

2012

Reinders, S., Willemsen, A., Vos, H., den Boer, J. & Nijenhuis, E. (2012). Fact or Factitious? A Psychobiological Study of Authentic and Simulated Dissociative Identity States. PLoS ONE. 7(6): e39279.

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2012

Teicher, M., Anderson, C. & Polcari, A. (2012). Childhood maltreatment is associated with reduced volume in the hippocampal subfields CA3, dentate gyrus, and subiculum. PNAS. 109(6): E563-E572.

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2012

Zurbriggen, E., Gobin, R. & Kaehler, L. (2012). Trauma, Attachment, and Intimate Relationships. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 13(2): 127-133.

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2011

Amos, J., Furber, G. & Segal, L. (2011). Understanding Maltreating Mothers: A Synthesis of Relational Trauma, Attachment Disorganization, Structural Dissociation of the Personality, and Experiential Avoidance. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 12(5): 495-509.

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2011

Baars, E., van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E., Chu, J. , Glas, G. & Draijer, N. (2011).Predicting Stabilizing Treatment Outcomes for Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Dissociative Identity Disorder: An Expertise-Based Prognostic Model. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 12(1): 67-87.

Abstract

 

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2011

Brand, B., Myrick, A., Loewenstein, R., Classen, C., Lanius, R., Mcnary, S., Pain, C. & Putnam, F. (2011).  Survey of Practices and Recommended Treatment Interventions Among Expert Therapists Treating Patients With Dissociative Identity Disorder and Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, & Policy.

Abstract

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2011

D'Andrea, W., Sharma, R., Zelechoski, A. & Spinazzola, J. (2011). Physical Health Problems After Single Trauma Exposure: When Stress Takes Root in the Body. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association. 17(6): 378-392.

   

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2011

Farina, B., Mazzotti, E., Pasquini, P. & Mantione, M. (2011). Somatoform and Psychoform Dissociation Among Women with Orgasmic and Sexual Pain Disorders.Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 12(5): 526-534.

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2011

Fuller-Thomson, E., Sulman, J., Brennenstuhl, S. & Merchant, M. (2011). Functional Somatic Syndromes and Childhood Physical Abuse in Women: Data From a Representative Community-Based Sample. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 20(4): 445-469.

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2011

Kross, E., Berman, M., Mischel, W., Smith, E. & Wager, T. (2011). Social rejection shares somatosensory representations with physical pain. PNAS. 108(15): 6270-6275.

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2011

Nijenhuis, E. & van der Hart, O. (2011). Dissociation in Trauma: A New Definition and Comparison with Previous Formulations. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 12(4): 416-445.

Abstract

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2011

Sar, V. (2011). Developmental trauma, complex PTSD, and the current proposal of DSM-5. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 2: 5622.

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2011

Sar, V. (2011) Epidemiology of Dissociative Disorders: An Overview. Epidemiology Research International. p.1-8.

Abstract

 

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2011

Spiegel, D., Loewenstein, R., Lewis-Fernández, R., Sar, V., Simeon, D., Vermetten, E., Cardeña, E. & Dell, P. (2011). Dissociative disorders in DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety. 28(12): 824-852.

Abstract

 

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2010

Brewin, C., Gregord, J., Lipton, M. & Burgess, N. (2010). Intrusive Images in Psychological Disorders: Characteristics, Neural Mechanisms, and Treatment Implications. Psychological Review. 117 (1): 210–232.

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2010

Briere, J., Hodges, M. & Godbout, N. (2010). Traumatic Stress, Affect Dysregulation, and Dysfunctional Avoidance: A Structural Equation Model. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 23(6): 767-774.

   

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2010

Ehring, T. & Quack, D. (2010). Emotion regulation difficulties in trauma survivors: the role of trauma type and PTSD symptom severity. Behavior Therapy. 41(4): 587-598.

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2010

Kaiser, E., Gillette, C. & Spinazzola, J. (2010). A Controlled Pilot-Outcome Study of Sensory Integration (SI) in the Treatment of Complex Adaptation to Traumatic Stress. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 19(7): 699-720.

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2010

Lanius, R. Vermetten, E., Loewenstein, R., Brand, B., Schmahl, C., Bremner, J.D. & Spiegel, D. (2010). Emotion Modulation in PTSD: Clinical and Neurobiological Evidence for a Dissociative Subtype. American Journal of Psychiatry. 167: 640–647.

 

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2010

Ludascher, P., Valerius, G., Stiglmayr, C., Mauchnik, J., Lanius, R., Bohus, M. & Schmahl, C. (2010). Pain sensitivity and neural processing during dissociative states in patients with borderline personality disorder with and without comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot study. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience. 35(3): 177-184.

Abstract

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2010

Malmo, C. & Laidlaw, T. (2010). Symptoms of Trauma and Traumatic Memory Retrieval in Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation.  11(1): 22-43.

   

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2010

Nijenhuis, E. (2010). The Scoring and Interpretation of the SDQ-20 and SDQ-5.Activitas Nervosa Superior. 52(1): 24-28.

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2010

Nijenhuis, E., van der Hart, O. & Steele, K. (2010). Trauma-related Structural Dissociation of the Personality. Activitas Nervosa Superior. 52(1): 1-23.

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2010

Olff, M., Langeland, W., Witteveen, A. & Denys, D. (2010). A Psychobiological Rationale for Oxytocin in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. CNS Spectrums. 15(8): 522-530.

 

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2010

Ross, C. & Ness, L. (2010). Symptom Patterns in Dissociative Identity Disorder Patients and the General Population. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation.11(4): 458-468.

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2010

Spermon, D., Darlington, Y. & Gibney, P. (2010). Psychodynamic psychotherapy for complex trauma: targets, focus, applications, and outcomes. Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 10(3): 119-127.

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2010

Spiegel, D. (2010). Dissociation in the DSM5. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 11 (3): 261-265.  

   

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2010

Spiegel, D. (2010). Dissociation in the DSM5. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 11 (3): 261-265.  

   

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2010

van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E. & Solomon, R. (2010). Dissociation of the Personality in Complex Trauma-Related Disorders and EMDR: Theoretical Considerations. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research. 4(2): 76-92.

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2010

van Dijke, A., van der Hart, O., Ford, J., van Son, M., van der Heijden, P. & Bühring, M. (2010). Affect Dysregulation and Dissociation in Borderline Personality Disorder and Somatoform Disorder: Differentiating Inhibitory and Excitatory Experiencing States. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 11(4): 424-443.  

   

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2009

Brand, B. L., Classen, C. C., Lanius, R., Loewenstein, R. J., McNary, S. W., Pain, C., et al. (2009). A naturalistic study of dissociative identity disorder and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified patients treated by community clinicians.Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 1(2): 153-171.

Abstract

 

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2009

Brand, B., Classen, C., McNary, S. & Saveri, P. (2009). A review of dissociative disorders treatment studies. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 197(9): 656-654.  

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2009

Brand, B., Armstrong, J., Loewenstein, R., and McNary, S. (2009). Personality Differences on the Rorschach of Dissociative Identity Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Psychotic Inpatients. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy. 1(3): 188-205.

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2009

Briere, J. & Jordan, C. (2009).  The relationship between childhood maltreatment, moderating variables, and adult psychological difficulties in women: An overview.Trauma, Violence, and Abuse: A Review Journal. 10(4): 375-388.

   

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2009

Cloitre, M., Stolbach, B., Herman, J., van der Kolk, B., Pynoos, R., Wang, J. & Petkova, E. (2009). A Developmental Approach to Complex PTSD: Childhood and Adult Cumulative Trauma as Predictors of Symptom Complexity. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 22(5):399-408.

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2009

Dutra, L., Bureau, J., Holmes, B., Lyubchik,A. & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2009). Quality of Early Care and Childhood Trauma: A Prospective Study of Developmental Pathways to Dissociation. TheJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 197 (6): 383–390.

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2009

Elklit, A. & Christiansen, D. (2009). Predictive factors for somatization in a trauma sample. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health. 5(1)  

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2009

Fuller-Thomson, E. & Brennenstuhl, S. (2009). Making a link between childhood physical abuse and cancer. Cancer. 115(14): 3341-3350.

Abstract

   

2009

Gillig, P. (2009). Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Controversial Diagnosis. Psychiatry. 6(3): 24–29.  

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2009

Hirakata, P. (2009). Narratives of Dissociation: Insights into the Treatment of Dissociation in Individuals Who Were Sexually Abused as Children. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 10(3): 297-314.

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2009

Kendall-Tackett, K. & Klest, B. (2009). Causal Mechanisms and Multidirectional Pathways Between Trauma, Dissociation, and Health. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 10: 129-134.

   

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2009

Korn, D. (2009). EMDR and the Treatment of Complex PTSD: A Review. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research. 3(4): 264-278.  

   

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2009

Steele, K. (2009). Reflections on Integration, Mentalization, and Institutional Realization. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 10(1): 1-8.  

   

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2009

Steele, K. (2009). The Road is Made by Walking: A Quarter Century of Being with Dissociation. Voices: Journal of the American Academy of Psychotherapists. 45(2): 6-12.

   

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2008

Bassi, N., Amital, D., Amital, H., Doria, A. & Shoenfeld, Y. (2008). Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Characteristics and Possible Causes for its Pathogenesis. Israel Medical Association Journal. 10:79-82.

   

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2008

Briere, J., Kaltman, S. & Green, B. (2008). Accumulated childhood trauma and symptom complexity. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 21(2): 223-226.

   

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2008

Foote, B., Smolin, Y., Neft, D. & Lipschitz, D. (2008). Dissociative disorders and suicidality in psychiatric outpatients. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 196(1): 29-36.

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2008

Frewen, P., Lane, R., Neufeld, R., Densmore, M., Stevens, T. & Lanius, R. (2008).Neural Correlates of Levels of Emotional Awareness During Trauma Script-Imagery in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine. 70(1): 27-31.

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2008

Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M. & Mussap, A. (2008). The Relationship Between Dissociation and Binge Eating. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 9(4): 445-462.

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2008

Lodrick, Z. (2007). Psychological trauma – what every trauma worker should know.The British Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. 4(2):18-28.

 

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2008

Reinders, A. (2008) Cross-examining dissociative identity disorder: Neuroimaging and etiology on trial. Neurocase. 14 (1): 44–53

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2008

Sarson, J. & MacDonald, L. (2008). Ritual Abuse-Torture Within  Families/Groups.Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 16(4): 419-438.

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2008

Sorsoli, L., Kia-Keating, M. & Grossman, F. (2008). “I Keep That Hush-Hush”: Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse and the Challenges of Disclosure. Journal of Counselling Psychology. 55(3): 333-345.

   

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2008

van der Hart, O., van Ochten, J., van Son, M., Steele, K., & Lensvelt-Mulders, G. (2008). Relations Among Peritraumatic Dissociation and Posttraumatic Stress: A Critical Review. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 9(4): 481-505.

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2007

Hopper, J., Frewen, P., van der Kolk, B. & Lanius, R. (2007). Neural Correlates of Reexperiencing, Avoidance, and Dissociation in PTSD: Symptom Dimensions and Emotion Dysregulation in Responses to Script-Driven Trauma Imagery. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 20(5): 713-725.

   

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2007

Kahr, B. (2007). The Infanticidal Attachment in Schizophrenia and Dissociative Identity Disorder. Attachment. 1: 305-309.

 

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2007

Morris, M., Turner, R. & Rolfe, G. (2007). Introduction to A Collaborative Inquiry between a Person- Centered Therapist and a Client: Working with an emerging dissociated “self”. Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies. 6(2): 78-111.

   

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2007

Price, C.  (2007). Dissociation Reduction in Body Therapy During Sexual Abuse Recovery. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 13(2): 116–128.

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2007

Rogal, S., Poschman, K., Belanger, K., Howell, H., Smith, M., Medina, J. & Yonkers, K. (2007). Effects of posttraumatic stress disorder on pregnancy outcomes. Journal of Affective Disorders. 102: 137-143.

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2007

Schmidt, S. & Hernandez, A. (2007). The Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy: Eight Case Studies. Traumatology. 13(1): 27-48.

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2007

Sonkin, D. (2007).  Psychotherapy with attachment and the brain in mind.  The Therapist. 19(1): 64-70.

 

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2007

Sar, V., Unal, S., & Ozturk, E. (2007). Frontal and occipital perfusion changes in dissociative identity disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 156(3): 217–223.

 

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2007

Thompson, P. (2007). “Down will come baby”: pre-natal stress, primitive defences and gestational regulation. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 8(3): 85-113.

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2007

van der Kolk, B., Spinazzola, J., Blaustein, M., Hopper, J., Hopper, E., Korn D. & Simpson, W. (2007). A Randomized Clinical Trial of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Fluoxetine, and Pill Placebo in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Treatment Effects and Long-Term Maintenance. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 68(1): 37-46.

 

 

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2006

Anda, R., Felitti, V., Walker J, Whitfield, C., Bremner, J., Perry, B., Dube, S. & Giles, W. (2006). The Enduring Effects of Abuse and Related Adverse Experiences in Childhood: A Convergence of Evidence from Neurobiology and Epidemiology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 256(3): 174-186.

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2006

Brand, B., Armstrong, J. & Loewenstein, R. (2006). Psychological assessment of patients with dissociative identity disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 29: 145-168.  

 

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2006

Brand, B., McNary, S., Loewenstein, R., Kolos, A. and Barr,S. (2006). Assessment of Genuine and Simulated Dissociative Identity Disorder on the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 7(1): 63-85.

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2006

Briere, J. (2006).  Dissociative symptoms and trauma exposure:   Specificity, affect dysregulation, and posttraumatic stress.  Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 194(2): 78-82.

 

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2006

Chu, A. & DePrince, A. (2006). Development of dissociation: Examining the relationship between parenting, maternal trauma, and child dissociation. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 7(4): 75-89.

   

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2006

Dell, P. (2006). A New Model of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 29:1-26.

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2006

Foote, B., Smolin, Y., Kaplan, M., Legatt, M., & Lipschitz, D. (2006). Prevalence of Dissociative Disorders in Psychiatric Outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry. 163 (4): 623-629.

 

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2006

Hesse, E., & Main, M. (2006). Frightened, threatening, and dissociative parental behavior in low risk samples: Description, discussion, and interpretations.Development and Psychopathology. 18 (2): 309–343.

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2006

Johnson, J., Cohen, P., Kasen, S. & Brook, J. (2006). Dissociative Disorders among adult in the community, impaired functioning and axis I and II comorbidity. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 40(2): 131-140.

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2006

Liotti, G. (2006). A Model of Dissociation Based on Attachment Theory and Research.Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 7(4): 55-73.

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2006

Ogden, P., Pain, C. & Fisher, J. (2006). A Sensorimotor Approach to the Treatment of Trauma and Dissociation. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 29: 263-279.

   

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2006

Reinders, A., Nijenhuis, E., Quak, J., Korf, J., Haaksma, J., Paans, A., Willemsen, A., & den Boer, J. (2006). Psychobiological characteristics of dissociative identity disorder: A symptom provocation study. Biological Psychiatry. 60(7): 730–740.

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2006

de Ruiter, M., Elzinga, B. & Phaf, R. (2006). Dissociation: Cognitive Capacity or Dysfunction?Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 7(4): 115-134.

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2006

Seng, J., Clark, M., McCarthy, A. & Ronis, D. (2006). PTSD and physical comorbidity among women receiving Medicaid: Results from service-use data. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 19: 45-56.

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2006

de Zulueta, F. (2006). The treatment of psychological trauma from the perspective of attachment research. Journal of Family Therapy. 28: 334–351  

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2006

Vermetten, E., Schmahl, C., Lindner, S., Loewenstein, R. J., & Bremner, J. D. (2006).Hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in dissociative identity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry. 163(4): 630–636.

 

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2006

Von Kanel, R., Hepp, U., Buddeberg, C., Keel, M., Mica, L., Aschbacher, K., & Schnyder, U. (2006). Altered blood coagulation in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine. 68: 598-604.

 

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2006

Xiao, Z., Yan, H., Wang, Z., Zou, Z., Xu, Y., Chen, J., Zhang, H., Ross, A. & Keyes, B. (2006). Trauma and Dissociation in China.  American Journal of Psychiatry. 163(8): 1388-1391.

 

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2006

Zucker, M., Spinazzola, J., Blaustein, M. & van der Kolk, B. (2006). Dissociative Symptomatology in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Disorders of Extreme Stress.Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 7(1): 19-31.

   

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2005

Bremner, J. (2005). Effects of traumatic stress on brain structure and function: Relevance to early responses to trauma. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 6(2): 51-68.

   

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2005

Briere, J. & Spinazzola, J. (2005). Phenomenology and Psychological Assessment of Complex Posttraumatic States. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 18(5): 401-412.

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2005

Brown, R., Schrag, A. & Trimble, M. (2005). Dissociation, Childhood Interpersonal Trauma, and Family Functioning in Patients With Somatization Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry. 162(5): 899-905.

 

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2005

Lauterbach, D., Vora, R., & Rakow, M. (2005). The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder and self-reported health problems. Psychosomatic Medicine. 67: 939-947.

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2005

Spinazzola, J., Blaustein, M. & van der Kolk, B. (2005). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Outcome Research: The Study of Unrepresentative Samples? Journal of Traumatic Stress. 18(5): 425-436.

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2005

Steele, K., van der Hart, O. and Nijenhuis, E. (2005). Phase-Oriented Treatment of Structural Dissociation in Complex Traumatization: Overcoming Trauma-Related Phobias. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 6(3):1-43.

   

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2005

Thomas, P. (2005). Dissociation and internal models of protection: psychotherapy with child abuse survivors. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. 42(1): 20-36.  

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2005

van der Hart, O., Bolt, H. & van der Kolk, B. (2005). Memory Fragmentation in Dissociative Identity Disorder. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 6(1): 55-70.

   

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2005

van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E. and Steele, K. (2005). Dissociation: An Insufficiently Recognized Major Feature of Complex PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 18(5): 1-15.

   

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2005

van der Kolk, B., Roth, S., Pelcovitz, D., Sunday. S. & Spinazzola, J. (2005). Disorders of Extreme Stress: The Empirical Foundation of a Complex Adaptation to Trauma.Journal of Traumatic Stress. 18(5): 389-399.

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2004

Bonanno, G. (2004). Loss, Trauma and Human Resilience. American Psychologist. 59(1): 20-28.

   

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2004

Goldsmith, R., Barlow, M. & Freyd, J. (2004). Knowing and not knowing about trauma: implications for therapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. 41(4): 448-463.

   

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2004

Nijenuis, E., van der Hart, O., Kruger, K. & Steele, K. (2004). Somatoform Dissociation, Reported Abuse, and Animal Defence-like Reactions. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 38: 678-686.

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2004

Schmidt, S. (2004). Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy: A New Treatment Approach Applied to Dissociative Identity Disorder. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 5(4): 55-78.

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2004

van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E., Steele, K. & Brown, D. (2004). Trauma-related dissociation: conceptual clarity lost and found. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 38: 906-914.

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2003

Blizard, R. (2003). Disorganized attachment, development of dissociated self states, and a relational approach to treatment. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 4(3): 27-50.

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2003

Bob, P. (2003). Dissociation and Neuroscience: History and new perspectives.International Journal of Neuroscience. 113(7): 903-914.

   

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2003

Reinders, A., Nijenhuis, E., Paans, A., Korf, J., Willemsen, A. and den Boer, J. (2003).One brain, two selves. NeuroImage. 20(4): 2119–2125.

   

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2003

Welburn, K.R., Fraser, G.A., Jordan, S.A., Cameron, C., Webb, L.M., & Raine, D. (2003). Discriminating dissociative identity disorder from schizophrenia and feigned dissociation on psychological tests and structured interview. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 4: 109-130.

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2002

Hopper, A., Ciorciari, J., Johnson, G., Spensley, J., Sergejew, A. & Stough, C.(2002).EEG Coherence and Dissociative Identity Disorder. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 3(1): 75-88.

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2002

Lanius, R., Williamson, P. Boksman, K., Densmore, M., Gupta, M., Neufeld, R., Gati, J. & Menon, R. (2002). Brain Activation during Script-Driven Imagery Induced Dissociative Responses in PTSD: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation. Biological Psychiatry. 52: 305-311.

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2002

Ross, C., Duffy, M. & Ellason, J. (2002). Prevalence, reliability and validity of dissociative disorders in an inpatient setting. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 3(1): 7–17.

   

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2001

Brand, B. (2001). Establishing Safety with Patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 2(4): 133-155.

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2001

Sar, V., Unal, S., Kiziltan, E., Kundaci, T., & Ozturk, E. (2001). HMPAO SPECT study of regional cerebral blood flow in dissociative identity disorder. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 2(2): 5–25.

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2001

Steele, K., van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E. (2001). Dependency in the Treatment of Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Dissociative Disorders. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 2(4): 79-116.

 

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2000

Bowman, E. & Coons, P. (2000). The differential diagnosis of epilepsy, pseudoseizures, dissociative identity disorder, and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. 64(2): 164-180.

   

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2000

Nijenhuis, E. (2000). Somatoform Dissociation: Major Symptoms of Dissociative Disorders. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 1(4): 1-26.

   

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1999

Akyüz, G., Dogan, O., Sar, V., Yargic, L. & Tutkun, H. (1999). Frequency of dissociative identity disorder in the general population in Turkey. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 40(2): 151–159.

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1999

Boscarino, J., & Chang, J. (1999).  Electrocardiogram abnormalities among men with stress-related psychiatric disorders: Implications for coronary heart disease and clinical research. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 21: 227-234.

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1997

Blizard, R. (1997). Therapeutic Alliance with Abuser Alters in DID: The Paradox of Attachment to the Abuser. Dissociation. 4: 246-254.  

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1996
Gleaves, D. (1996). The Sociocognitive Model of Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Reexamination of the Evidence. Psychological Bulletin. 120(1): 42-59.
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1996

Leserman, J., Drossman, D., Li, Z., Toomey, T., Nachman, G. & Glogau, L. (1996).Sexual and physical abuse history in gastroenterology practice: How types of abuse impact health status. Psychosomatic Medicine. 58: 4-15.

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1996

Orbach, I., Stein, D., Palgi, Y., Asherov, J., Har-Even, D. & Elizur, A. (1996).Perception of physical pain in accident and suicide attempt patients: Self-preservation vs self-destruction. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 30(4): 307-320.

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1995

van der Kolk, B. & Fisler, R. (1995). Dissociation & the Fragmentary Nature of Traumatic Memories: Overview & Exploratory Study. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 8(4): 505-525.

 

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1994

Coons, P., & Milstein, V. (1994). Factitious or malingered multiple personality disorder: Eleven cases. Dissociation. 7(2): 81-85.

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1994

Ross, C., Fast, E., Anderson, G., Auty, A. & Todd, J. (1994). Somatic Symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis and MPD. Dissociation. 3(2): 102-106.

   

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1994
Spanos, N. (1994). Multiple identity enactments and multiple personality disorder: A sociocognitive perspective. Psychological Bulletin. 116(1): 143-165. 
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1994

van der Kolk, B. (1994). The Body Keeps The Score: Memory & the Evolving Psychobiology of Post Traumatic Stress. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 1(5): 253-265.

 

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1993

Lechner, M., Vogel, M., Garcia-Shelton, L., Leichter, J. & Stiebel, K. (1993). Self-Reported Medical Problems of Adult Female Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse.Journal of Family Practice. 36: 633-638.

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1992

Walker, E., Katon, W., Neraas, K., Jemelka, R. & Massoth, D. (1992). Dissociation in women with chronic pelvic pain. American Journal of Psychiatry. 149(4): 534-7.

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1991

Miller, S., Blackburn, T., Scholes, G., Whilte, G. & Marmalis, N. (1991). Optical differences in cases of multiple personality disorder: a second look. TheJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 177(8): 480-486.

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1988

Braun, B. (1988). BASK Model of Dissociation. Dissociation. 1(1): 4-23.

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1988

Chu, J. (1988). Ten Traps for Therapists in Treating Trauma Survivors. Dissociation. 1(4): 24-32.  

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1988

Eysenck, H. (1988). Personality, stress and cancer: Prediction and prophylaxis. British Journal of Medical Psychology. 61(1): 57-75.

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1988

Lipowski, Z. (1988). Somatization: the concept and its clinical application. American Journal of Psychiatry. 14(11): 1358-1368.

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